Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Significant Accounting Policies

Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Significant Accounting Policies


Significant Accounting Policies



Description of Business

Airgain, Inc. (the Company) was incorporated in the State of California on March 20, 1995, and reincorporated in the State of Delaware on August 15, 2016. The Company is a leading provider of advanced antenna technologies used to enable high performance wireless networking across a broad range of devices and markets, including consumer, enterprise, and automotive. The Company designs, develops, and engineers its antenna products for original equipment and design manufacturers worldwide. The Company’s headquarters is in San Diego, California with office space and research, design, and test facilities in the United States, United Kingdom, China, and Taiwan.



Basis of Presentation

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).



Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which simplifies the test for goodwill impairment by removing Step 2 which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation and may require the services of valuation experts. An entity will, therefore, perform the goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, recognizing an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. An entity still has the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine if the quantitative impairment test is necessary. ASU 2017-04 will be effective for the Company in annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, with early adoption permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company has not yet determined whether it will early adopt ASU 2017-04 and is evaluating the impact the standard will have on its ongoing financial reporting.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This standard changes the methodology for measuring credit losses on financial instruments and the timing of when such losses are recorded. ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2021, using a modified retrospective adoption method. The Company continues to evaluate the impact of the standard on its consolidated financial statements.

In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-05, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), Targeted Transition Relief, which provides entities that have certain instruments within the scope of ASC 326-20, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses-Measured at Amortized Cost, with an option to irrevocably elect the fair value option for eligible instruments. The effective date and transition methodology for this standard are the same as in ASU 2016-13.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets as lease liabilities with corresponding right-of-use assets. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-02 will have on its financial statements and related disclosures. The Company has not yet selected a transition method, nor has it determined the effect of the standard on the Company’s ongoing financial reporting.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, to expand the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. As a result, the accounting for share-based payment awards to nonemployees and employees will be substantially aligned by eliminating the need to measure nonemployee share-based awards at fair value on the earlier of performance commitment date or date performance is complete. Both employee and nonemployee share-based awards are now measured at grant-date fair value. The Company adopted the amendments in this update as of January 1, 2019. As the Company's nonemployee share-based awards are not significant, such adoption did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated accumulated deficit as of January 1, 2019.



Segment Information

The Company’s operations are located primarily in the United States and most of its assets are located in San Diego, California and Scottsdale, Arizona. The Company operates in one segment related to the sale of antenna products. The Company’s chief operating decision-maker is its chief executive officer, who reviews operating results on an aggregate basis and manages the Company’s operations as a single operating segment.



Cash Equivalents and Short-Term Investments

Cash equivalents are comprised of short-term, highly liquid investments with maturities of 90 days or less at the date of purchase.

Short-term investments consist predominantly of commercial paper, corporate debt securities, U.S. Treasury securities, and asset backed securities. The Company classifies short-term investments based on the facts and circumstances surrounding the investments at the time of purchase and evaluates such classification as of each balance sheet date. All short-term investments are classified as available-for-sale securities as of December 31, 2019, and are recorded at estimated fair value. Unrealized gains and losses for available-for-sale securities are included in accumulated other comprehensive income—a component of stockholders’ equity. Realized gains and losses are included in other income in the statement of operations. The Company evaluates its investments to determine whether those with unrealized loss positions are other than temporarily impaired. Impairments are considered to be other than temporary if they are related to deterioration in credit risk or if it is likely that the Company will sell the securities before recovery of their cost basis.



Trade Accounts Receivable

Trade accounts receivable is adjusted for all known uncollectible accounts. The policy for determining when receivables are past due or delinquent is based on the contractual terms agreed upon. Accounts are written off once all collection efforts have been exhausted. An allowance for doubtful accounts is established when, in the opinion of management, collection of the account is doubtful. The allowance for doubtful accounts was $0 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018.




The majority of the Company’s products are manufactured by third parties that retain ownership of the inventory until title is transferred to the customer at the shipping point. In certain instances shipping terms are delivery at place and the Company is responsible for arranging transportation and delivery of goods ready for unloading at the named place. The Company bears all risk involved in bringing the goods to the named place and records the related goods in transit to the customer as inventory on the accompanying balance sheet. With the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of Antenna Plus, LLC (Antenna Plus), in April 2017, the Company began manufacturing products at its Scottsdale, Arizona and Shullsburg, Wisconsin locations. In July 2017 the Company relocated all of its product manufacturing operations in Shullsburg, Wisconsin to the Scottsdale, Arizona facility. See Note 4 for additional information relating to the Company’s acquisition of the Antenna Plus assets.

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. For items manufactured by the Company cost is determined using the weighted average cost method. For items manufactured by third parties cost is determined using the first-in, first-out method (FIFO). Any adjustments to reduce the cost of inventories to their net realizable value are recognized in earnings in the current period. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company’s inventories consist primarily of raw materials. Provisions for excess and obsolete inventories are estimated based on product life cycles, quality issues, and historical experience. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, there was no provision for excess and obsolete inventories.



Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost and are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, generally three to fifteen years. The estimated useful lives for leasehold improvements are determined as either the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term, whichever is shorter. Depreciation of assets that are recorded under operating leases are included in depreciation expense. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. Property and equipment are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. When assets are sold (or otherwise disposed of) the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is included as a non-operating expense.




Goodwill having an indefinite useful life represents the excess of cost over fair value of net assets acquired. The Company reviews goodwill for impairment annually on December 1st and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that goodwill may be impaired. The Company completed its annual assessment for goodwill impairment in December 2019 and determined that goodwill is not impaired as of December 31, 2019.



Long-lived Assets

The Company’s identifiable intangible assets are comprised of acquired developed technologies, customer relationships, tradenames, and non-compete agreements. The cost of the identifiable intangible assets with finite lives is amortized on a straight-line basis over the assets’ respective estimated useful lives. The Company periodically re-evaluates the original assumptions and rationale utilized in the establishment of the carrying value and estimated lives of long-lived assets and finite-lived intangible assets. Long-lived assets and finite-lived intangibles are assessed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If an asset is considered to be impaired the impairment recognized is equal to the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value.



Revenue Recognition

Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted FASB ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and the related amendments, which are codified into Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606 (“ASC 606”), which establishes a broad principle that requires entities to assess the products or services promised in contracts with customers at contract inception to determine the appropriate unit at which to record revenues, which is referred to as a performance obligation. Revenue is recognized when control of the promised products or services is transferred to customers, at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those products or services. The new standard supersedes GAAP guidance on revenue recognition and requires the use of more estimates and judgments than the prior standards. In addition, the standard requires disclosure of the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers.

ASC 606 may be applied either retrospectively or through the use of a modified-retrospective method. The full retrospective method requires companies to recast each prior reporting period presented as if the new guidance had always existed. Under the modified retrospective method, companies would recognize the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings at the date of initial application. The Company adopted ASC 606 on January 1, 2019, using the modified retrospective method.

The Company sells antenna products. All of the Company’s revenue relates to contracts with customers. The Company’s accounting contracts are from purchase orders or purchase orders combined with purchase agreements. The majority of the Company’s revenue is recognized on a “point-in-time” basis and a nominal amount of revenue related to service contracts is recognized “over time”. A portion of sales is made through distributors under agreements allowing for pricing credits and/or rights of return under certain circumstances. Pricing credits and returns under these provisions have been insignificant; accordingly, our allowance for sales returns and pricing credits was insignificant.

To date service revenues have been immaterial as a percentage of total revenues. Service revenues are recognized over the term of the agreement which are typically one year or less.

Prior to the adoption of ASC 606, the Company recognized the majority of its revenues using the units-of-delivery method of accounting. Based on the nature of products provided or services performed, revenue was recorded as products were shipped and customers would take ownership of the products. The methodology to recognize revenue under ASC 605 does not differ under ASC 606 as revenue is recognized at a point-in-time.

To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that the Company determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligation(s) in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligation(s) in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the entity will collect substantially all of the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the goods or services it transfers to the customer. At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations and assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when the performance obligation is satisfied.

Each distinct promise to transfer products is considered to be an identified performance obligation for which revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of the products to the customer. Although customers may place orders for products that are delivered on multiple dates in different quarterly reporting periods; all of the orders are normally scheduled within one year from the order date. The Company has opted to not disclose the portion of revenues allocated to partially unsatisfied performance obligations, which represent products to be shipped within 12 months under open customer purchase orders, at the end of the current reporting period as allowed under ASC 606. We have also elected to record sales commissions when incurred, pursuant to the practical expedient under ASC 340, as the period over which the sales commission asset that would have been recognized is less than one year. Shipping and handling costs are immaterial and reported in in operating expenses in the statement of operations.

There were no contract assets at December 31, 2019. The Company records contract liabilities for customer prepayments which are recorded in accrued liabilities in the balance sheet.



Shipping and Transportation Costs

Shipping and other transportation costs—expensed as incurred--were $278,000, $433,000, and $462,000 for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017, respectively. These costs are included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying statements of operations.



Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred.



Advertising Costs

Advertising costs—expensed as incurred—were $28,000, $2,526,000, and $16,000 for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017, respectively. These costs are included in sales and marketing expenses in the accompanying statements of operations.



Income Taxes

The Company records income taxes under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. When applicable a valuation allowance is established to reduce any deferred tax asset when it is determined that it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized.

The Company recognizes the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs. The Company records interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in general and administrative expenses.



Stock-Based Compensation

The Company recognizes all employee stock-based compensation as a cost in the financial statements. Equity classified awards are measured at the grant-date fair value of the award. The Company estimates the grant-date fair value using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model. The Company recognizes forfeitures when incurred. Compensation cost is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for the entire award. Stock-based compensation expense was $2.2 million, $2.9 million, and $0.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017, respectively.



Fair Value Measurements

The carrying values of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash, trade accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities approximate their fair values due to the short maturity of these instruments.

Fair value measurements are market-based measurements, not entity-specific measurements. Therefore, fair value measurements are determined based on the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. The Company follows a three-level hierarchy to prioritize the inputs used in the valuation techniques to derive fair values. The basis for fair value measurements for each level within the hierarchy is described below:


Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.


Level 2: Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs are observable in active markets.


Level 3: Valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs are unobservable in active markets.



Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include valuation of intangible assets.



Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Comprehensive income (loss) is comprised of net income (loss) and other comprehensive income (loss). Accumulated other comprehensive loss on the balance sheet at December 31, 2019 and 2018, includes unrealized gains and losses on the Company’s available-for-sale securities.



Net Income (Loss) Per Share

Basic net income (loss) per share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average shares of common stock outstanding for the period. Diluted net income (loss) per share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average shares of common stock outstanding for the period plus amounts representing the dilutive effect of securities that are convertible into common stock. The Company calculates diluted income (loss) per common share using the treasury stock method.

The following table presents the computation of net income (loss) per share (in thousands, except per share data):




For the year ended December 31

























Net income (loss)


























Weighted average common shares outstanding







































Net income (loss) per share:








































Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding for the year ended December 31, 2019, includes 1,000 warrants and 412,000 options outstanding. Basic and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding for the year ended December 31, 2018 were the same. Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding for the year ended December 31, 2017 includes 2,000 warrants and 874,000 options outstanding.


Potentially dilutive securities (in common stock equivalent shares) not included in the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per share because to do so would be anti-dilutive are as follows (in thousands):




For the year ended December 31












Stock options













Warrants outstanding